The commitment to “leave no one behind” is a central tenet of the new global 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the 17 associated Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). To ensure that SDGs goals are met for all we need to know who is at risk from being left behind, where they live and what circumstances they are living under. Data on Nepal shows that, as of 2010, the richest 20 per cent in Nepal owned 41.4 per cent of national income, in contrast to the 8.3 per cent shared by the poorest 20 per cent. This means, despite the significant reduction in poverty and inequality in Nepal over the last 15 years, the poorest 20 per cent of people are not sharing the benefits of development, particularly in rural areas. They at risk of being left behind.
As one of the founding partners of the Leave No One Behind Partnership, Development Initiatives has produced a Country Profile of Nepal to support the national discourse on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It provides national level data which could be helpful in tracking progress against the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and make sure that no one is left behind. Over the coming years the P20 Initiative, a project from Development Initiatives as part of the Leave No One Behind Partnership, will establish a global baseline of who the groups are that have been left behind, as well as identify those at risk and monitor their progress annually. The P20 Initiative will provide data on whether lives are improving for the poorest 20% of people globally by gathering existing data and promoting better disaggregation of data on people so we can ensure that those furthest behind are reached first.
The Country Profile of Nepal is published under creative commons and is available for reuse and redistribution. It has been published in both Nepali and English. Both the English and Nepali versions are available for download on Open Nepal's website here and here.